Since 1993 multiple archaeological rescue projects were developed to confront the impact of looting, urban and industrial development, and natural disasters.


Chiribaya Baja

Different projects were developed by archaeologists such as Elva Torres, Gerardo Carpio, Carlos del Aguila and Sonia Guillen. The sites of Algodonal, Loreto Viejo, Chiviquina, and la Cruz, among others, were also developed.


Roca Verde

Work was done in 1994 and 1995 in a cemetery located at 8 km. north of the port of Ilo, next to the beach and surrounded by rocky outcrops. Seventy-two early funerary contexts were recovered, nine of which were found intact. Archaeologist Carlos del Aguila conducted the fieldwork.


El Descanso

This cemetery was located in the lower basin of the Osmore River in the Algarrobal district, 7 km. from the Pacific Ocean. Research in domestic and burial areas took place in in 2002. Chen Chen and Tumilaca contexts of Tiwanaku affiliation (910 -1040 AD) were recovered.

  Ancient DNA

Ancient genetic studies involving Doctors Ken-ichi Shinoda, Izumi Shimada and Sonia Guillen were developed to analyze samples of human remains from Chiribaya and formative sites in the Osmore river valley.

Studies developed by the Italian botanist Luigi Piacenza served to identify the variety of plants cultivated in the Osmore valley. Archaeological evidence indicates the early use of quinoa, carob, pacae, Jiquima, lima beans, beans, coca, cassava, cotton, squash, guava, lucuma, potato, pepper, sugar cane, corn, custard apple, bean, reeds, canna, cactus, reeds, rushes and molle.


The funeral bundles and the human and animal mummies have been registered with radiographs to contribute to their study and conservation. This work has been carried out with specialists from Washtenaw Community College in Michigan, USA.


Mummies of dogs have also been recovered from the ancient cemeteries. They were buried with offerings in appreciation for their work as lama herders. They had abundant hair of varied colors, drooping ears, strong muzzles, a "lupus-like" head, small type "hare feet" and an elongated body. (Hare feet are long dog paws with two center toes that are longer than the two side toes.) There is currently a program to recover this variety of Andean canine.

Centro Mallqui © 2013  

Find us on: